Proceedings of The 4th International Conference on Research in Teaching and Education
Consideration of Digital Transformation of Laboratory Training Sessions and Proposal of Course Design Approaches
Ken-Ichi Tabei, Daisuke Kasai, Chaofeng Zhang, Minoru Matsui, Sanggyu Shin, Hiroshi Hashimoto
In an attempt to effectively introduce DX into a laboratory training course, this paper divided course topics into knowledge and practical skills, examined them from the perspectives of taxonomy, motivation, and self-efficacy, identified some issues inherent in the current training sessions, and made some suggestions for improvement. With these suggestions for improvement in mind, we presented an example of how to create a digital aid that provides enactive mastery performance and verbal persuasion to students. An interview/questionnaire survey conducted on several students revealed our digital aid to be useful for self-directed learning. This digital aid can be used for imagery rehearsal to prepare for the upcoming session, and those students reaching a certain level of preparedness quickly can proceed to the on-site practical training sooner than those who have not reached that level, which can help disperse the number of participants present in the room at a particular point in time, as compared to the conventional scheme where all students simultaneously proceeded to on-site practical training. Dispersion of students would be effective for controlling the spread of viruses, which is in fact one of the objectives of offering this digital aid.
Keywords: DX, Taxonomy, Motivation, self-efficacy, digital aid.