Proceedings of The 3rd International Conference on Research in Education
Implementation Policy of Cultural Diplomacy of West Papua Province and Defense Diplomation Relationship in the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Indonesia
The principle of Indonesian diplomacy is ‘One Million Friends without Enemies’ diplomacy. Agencies and organizations that carry out defense and development activities consistently avoid security issues (high politics) that are closely related to ideology and politics. Security focuses on defending the country against military threats that emanate from outside its territory. When the cold war ended, the concept of security was transformed. After the Cold War, there was a change in the balance of power and the opening of doors for international organizations other than the state to interact.
The view of security shifted so that it demanded the democratization of the security sector and allowed changes to the security institutions to follow the principles of democracy. Traditional interpretations in terms of interaction between nations are no longer talking about security (security) related to military power (high politics) but security is also influenced by economic, social and cultural, technological progress (low politics). This study uses a qualitative method. Based on the results of research and discussion regarding the implementation of cultural diplomacy of West Papua and defense diplomacy policies at the Ministry of Defense of the Republic Indonesia, the following conclusions can be drawn: Researchers in analyzing used the concept of Edward III (1980). Important functions for a country, among others, are the diplomatic functions of representation, where in this function, delegates from one country negotiate with other countries with a purpose that is to explain some of these countries. Then the diplomacy function in the negotiation function, in this function a country has the right to negotiate related to the country in terms of negotiations related to trade or bilateral cooperation of a country. And lastly there is a diplomacy function in the reporting function, where in this function a diplomat conducts negotiations about the culture, military, and commercial issues in his country.
Keywords: Cultural Diplomacy, Defense Diplomacy, Cold War, Democracy, Economic, Social, Cultural, Technological.