Proceedings of The 2nd World Conference on Research in Social Sciences
Linguistic Concordances. Case study – father in 2 languages (Romanian – Italian) and 2 dialects (Dacoromanian – Calabrian)
The aim of the present research is to compare the same word in two different linguistical levels and to share through this example how the language and the dialect are different. Our lexical comparison is made in base of the Latin roots and takes into account the semantic branch, as well as the onomasiological and the etymological ones. Father, individualized in the kinship lexical field, represents our research champion for the analysis. By using linguistic atlases and etymological dictionaries, we traced the evolution/stagnation/involution of this specific lemma, across the time, having, as geographical observation field, Romania and Italy. Inside those two Romance territories, we chose to emphasize the border between language and dialect through Dacoromanian and Calabrian, interpreted in a triple perspective (regional variant, subdialect, language). We meant to work with modern means of investigation, as berlinian schema, semantic matrix or lexical tables, in order to make our research both interesting and connected to the present reality.
Keywords: comparative lexicology; dialect; father; language; Romance.