Proceedings of The 5th International Conference on Modern Research in Social Sciences
Women in Mexico and The Probability of Positioning Themselves as Employers Under the Double Shift of Unpaid Domestic Activities
Andrea Celeste Tafolla Manzo
In the last 50 years, women have successfully entered the educational field and the labor market, however in terms of leadership, men continue to outperform women. The objective of this research is to identify the personal variables that influence the probability that the economically active population of Mexico holds leadership positions in their workplace given their particular characteristics and the activities they carry out outside the labor arena. The data was obtained from the National Survey on Time Use (ENUT) for the year 2019 and there were 38,878 observations for the analysis. The relationship between the variables was examined with a logistic regression model. The results showed a negative sign for the gender variable indicates that women are less likely to occupy the position of employers, while the variables educational level, age and time dedicated to paid activities obtained positive signs, which means that the higher the values in these, the greater the probability of being an employer. According to the literature review, one of the causes that could explain why there are fewer women in hierarchical positions is the double shift they face with unpaid domestic activities at home. In order to quantify the effect of duplicate work on the execution of paid activities, a multiple regression analysis was performed with the variables gender, housework, and child care. The results show that women spend 6 hours less than men on paid work, and that it is they who spend the most time preparing food, cleaning and caring for children.
keywords: Employer; Gender; Leadership position; Paid activities; Unpaid domestic activities.