Proceedings of The 5th International Conference on Modern Approaches in Humanities and Social sciences
The significance of the United Nations as a defender of human rights
Throughout history, scientists and philosophers have studied and continue to study wars and their catastrophic consequences. They determined the necessary path and approaches to find an international guarantee of security and peace all over the world in the multitude of their causes and consequences. Although there were advances in human society, the risk of war did not decrease at all, but instead continued to play the role of the sword of Damocles over humans’ heads, threatening the existence of human life, peace, and security with unprecedented intensity. Moreover, based on their theories and philosophical points of view, they suggested that the nature of conflicts and wars requires cautious approaches to manage and resolve them in order to have a harmonious and peaceful society. Throughout the early twentieth century, developed European countries expanded their military industries by achieving mastery in the field of war, turning them into a blazing fuse for the outbreak of many conflicts, even for the most trivial of reasons. As a result of these implications, various unilateral and multinational conventions and agreements could only identify or briefly halt their spread. In the theories and notions of peace defence researchers against war, a common thought stands out as a magical key for the protection of human life, focused on the essential concept, that is, the protection of “fundamental human rights.” Therefore, with this challenging concept clashed the democracies of the communist countries, which claimed the installation of the dictatorship of the proletariat but, in less than half a century of existence, recognized a complete failure in all aspects: ideological, philosophical, political, economic, and military.
This paper focuses on the United Nations Organization’s role in human rights protection.
keywords: United Nations, human rights, security, peace and war, etc.