Proceedings of The 5th International Academic Conference on Research in Social Sciences
Kantian Epistemology in Examination of Axiomatic Principles of Economics: the Synthetic a Priori in the Economic Structure of Society
Adil Ahmad Mughal
Transcendental Analytic in Critique of Pure Reason combines the space and time as conditions of the possibility of phenomenon from Transcendental Aesthetic with the pure magnitude-intuition notion. The property of continuity as a qualitative result of the additive magnitude brings the possibility of connecting with experience, even though only as a potential because of a priori necessity from assumption, as syntheticity of the a priori task of a scientific method of philosophy given by Kant, which precludes the application of categories to something not empirically reducible to content of such a category’s corresponding object. This continuity as the qualitative result of a priori constructed notion of magnitude lies as a fundamental assumption and property of what in Microeconomic theory is called a ‘choice relation’ which combines the potentially empirical and practical budget-price pairs with preference relations. This latter result is the purest qualitative side of the choice relations’ quantitative nature. The theoretical, barring the empirical, nature of this qualitative result is a synthetic a priori truth, which, if at all, it should be, if the axiomatic structure of economic theory is held to be correct. It has a potentially verifiable content as its object in the form of quantitative price-budget pairs, yet, the object that serves this Kantian category is qualitative itself which is utility. This article explores the validity of Kantian qualifications for this application of categories to the economic structure of society.