Proceedings of The 4th International Conference on Innovative Research in Science Engineering and Technology
The use of the Internet of Things in the Cold Chain Logistics for a better vaccine transportation: A state of the art
Kenza Izikki, Jamila El Alami and Mustapha Hlyal
Supply chains has become more complex and customer requirements keep on getting more demanding in terms of quality, time and sustainability. In respect to these transformations, the supply chain management strive to come up with new practices and approaches to mitigate these challenges and optimize the supply chain performance. In the pursuit of greater efficiency and competitiveness, Industry 4.0 has proved substantial strategic impact on global development. The enabling technologies of industry 4.0 mainly include the Cyber Physical System (CPS), Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing, Blockchain etc. With its capability of sensing and generating valuable data throughout the value chain, IoT has attracted the interest of a growing body of researchers and practitioners. The “cold chain” logistics is a particular category of supply chains. It stands out from other types of supply chains by its demanding requirements and regulations which involves mainly perishable and temperature exigent products. While the technological advancements have contributed in the improvement of the cold chain, the logistical and transportation operations remains a main issue. In this perspective, this paper aims to explore the state of the art on the use of IoT in the cold chain logistics and in particular in the healthcare and vaccines supply chains. It discusses the challenges faced by the healthcare and vaccine cold chain logistics and points out the main benefit of IoT technologies.
Keywords: Healthcare and vaccines supply chain, Industry 4.0, IoT, Tracking, Visibility.