Proceedings of The 4th International Conference on Research in Social Sciences and Humanities
Disaster Management In Indonesia: Muhammadiyah’s Strategy And ContributionIn 2010-2020
Dr. Muchammad Ichsan
Indonesia is prone to natural and non-natural disasters. Natural disasters alternately hit areas of Indonesia, such as floods, landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes. Non-natural disasters also often fall, such as the epidemic, namely SARS in 2003 and bird flu in 2012, forest fires in Kalimantan, Sumatra, and Java, and the spread of the pandemic that is Covid-19 starting in March 2020. Muhammadiyah – one of the moderate Islamic organizations that since its establishment is active in humanitarian work – does not stay silent to witness the suffering of the disaster victims. Muhammadiyah provides the necessary assistance whenever a disaster occurs. This study explores Muhammadiyah’s strategy in overcoming disasters and its contributions in dealing with disasters from 2010 to 2020. This study employed descriptive-qualitative research methods to achieve its goal. Data were obtained from scientific journals, books, internet sites, and interviews with Muhammadiyah Disaster Management Center (MDMC). The findings of this study are that Muhammadiyah already has a disaster management strategy, namely establishing a Disaster Management Institute, creating Guidelines for Structure, Organization, and Mechanism of Work of Disaster Management Institutions, establishing MDMC in several regions, and providing training, coordinating, and cooperating with internal and external parties, and establishing Muhammadiyah Covid-19 Control Center (MCCC). Muhammadiyah’s contribution to disaster management is to actively aid victims of natural and non-natural disasters in various regions of Indonesia, especially from 2010 to 2020.
keywords: Disaster; Indonesia; Strategy; Contribution; Muhammadiyah.