Preventive Diplomacy Efforts in Iraq between the Power and Morals Standards

Proceedings of The 4th International Conference on Research in Social Sciences and Humanities

Year: 2021


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Preventive Diplomacy Efforts in Iraq between the Power and Morals Standards

Inass Abdulsada Ali and Hussein Mezher Khalaf



With the end of the Cold War era, it was expected that both interstate and intrastate conflicts would decline. The end of the Cold War reduced the East-West ideological competition that often instigated both intrastate and interstate disputes. Ironically, these crises and conflicts did not disappear as much as multiplied and evolved in different forms, especially intrastate. This situation has called international society to urge diplomatic efforts for solving or, at least, settle these crises and conflicts. The 1990s decade has witnessed an upsurge of international society involvements in peacekeeping, peacebuilding, peacemaking, and even reconstruction of war-torn states.

The application of conflict resolution around the world, especially concerning incidents of large-scale armed conflict and wars, is largely dominated by duplicity in dealing due to the conflicting interests of the various international powers that influencing the resolutions. This raises several questions regarding the interventions that come under the name of preventive diplomacy. Wherefore, we are trying in this article to clarify this dilemma “the inconsistency”, and searching for a suitable mechanism to resolve it, and spotlight on Iraq as a case study.

The study of preventive diplomacy and the contradiction between its means that including the use of power, and what are the moral restrictions imposed on it, consider the most important topic that sparked debates among specialists.

The goal of preventive diplomacy is to prevent the potential conflicts from happening, at the same time, preventive diplomacy resorted to the use of hard means, such as hard power, to achieve its goals, and that it may not be acceptable by the conflict parties, and this led to the finding a gap between the means of application of preventive diplomacy on one hand and the acceptability of these means by the disputing parties on the other hand.

This paper has used a descriptive approach for analyzing data, and reliance on the analysis of information contained in the references which used in the research.

keywords: Iraq; PD; Power; Moral Standards.