Individual, family, and school climate factors as predictors of school violence

Proceedings of The 4th International Conference on Modern Approach in Humanities and Social Sciences

Year: 2021


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Individual, family, and school climate factors as predictors of school violence

Livia Nano, Sulltana Aliaj, and Renisa Beqiri



School is the highest knowledge institution. For this reason, it is considered a sacred space in terms of culture, peace, equality, and knowledge (Henry, 2000). Recently some unfamiliar or unreported phenomena are being evidenced, making school and particularly school violence one of the main focuses of the studies (Ferrara, Franceschini, Villani, & Corsello, 2019).

The violence issue against children in schools is complicated, and it is clear that it goes beyond the school environment. The primary aim of this paper is to explore the interaction of individual and family demographics, and school climate-related variables with reported physical, psychological, sexual violence, and weapon victimization reported by primary school children. The study is based on a representative sample of students from Tirana, Albania (n=1500). The main hypothesis of this research is that individual and contextual factors can successfully predict types of violence.

The regression analysis examined the relation of different forms of victimization and individual-related variables (gender, age, school success), family-related demographics (parental education, perception of social-economic status, number of children in family, marital status), and school climate variables (safety, relations with teachers, rules and regulations against violence, student participation in setting rules, school norms on violence). The results of this study show the most of these factors have significant predictive power and the individual and contextual factors should be considered when analyzing violence at school.

keywords: contextual factors; individual factors; prevention, psychological well-being; students.