Successes and Challenges with Private Sector Involvement in VET

Proceedings of The 4th International Conference on Future of Teaching and Education

Year: 2021


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Development of Cognitive Skills and Critical Thinking through Participation in the International Citizen Science project “Tree bodyguards”

Danguole Saviciene



EU and other donor organizations are launching vocation education and training (VET) as a remedy for youth unemployment and poverty. In order to have effective VET system there is a need to involve private sector in its’ modernization and development. In the text I analyse qualitatively data from 23 national reports covering VET systems prepared during Torino Process for European Training Foundation (ETF). The analysis shows that although many countries incorporated VET in their strategies, still some are struggling with effective implementation of this system. The text describes successes and challenges connected to private sector involvement in VET, as well as some good practises. The solution is to establish partnerships between public and private sector. I introduce a theory of partnerships from Marriot and Goyder (2009) and Hands (2005). In the text I give examples of good practices, such as: clear division of responsibilities between schools and employers, tax incentives for employers, cooperation between state, university and companies.

Keywords: vocational education and training, private sector involvement, partnership model.