Proceedings of The 4th International Conference on Advanced Research in Social Sciences
Objectives of United Nations and Its Limits in Conflict Management and North and Region of Cameroon
Nketchatang Marie Romy
United Nations (UN) was founded in 1945, after the ravages of World War II. It replaced the League of Nations, an organization set up in 1919 after the First World War. While the UN was born as a platform for dialogue between almost every country in the world, the work has not been easy. And it still isn’t. The United Nations project is based on three main objectives : To maintain peace and security in the world Article 1 of the Charter of the United Nations states that member states shall “achieve, by peaceful means, in accordance with the principles of justice and international law, the adjustment or settlement of disputes or situations of an international character liable to lead to a breach of the peace ”. For this, the concept of the rule of law, enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations guarantees respect for international law and the fundamental principles of justice. Promote and defend human rights: By developing friendly relations between States, based on respect for the principle of equal rights of peoples and their right to self-determination, it is possible to defend human rights. The rule of law and human rights are two facets of the same principle: the right to live in dignity. Member States have been fully aware of this relationship since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, according to which “it is essential that human rights are protected by a rule of law so that man is not is not forced, as a last resort, to revolt against tyranny and oppression. ”Developing international cooperation: One of the main objectives of the United Nations is to resolve international problems of an economic, social, intellectual and humanitarian. However, in view of its objectives, we note that the United Nations has not been able to maintain payroll and security in Cameroon because the English-speaking regions of the North-West and South-West have known since 2016 a social instability punctuated by violence with a negative impact on the socio-economic fabric. The socio-political crisis gradually turned into insecurity and armed violence from November 2017. The escalation of tension and the multiplication of hotbeds of hostility between the armed groups and the defense and security forces have seriously affected the civilian populations., thus contributing to the displacement of many people within the two regions which have nearly 4 million1 inhabitants (i.e. 16% of the total population). – we do not say that they failed ?
keywords: United Nations – League of Nations – Peaceful- Law – Armed.