Proceedings of The 3rd World Conference on Teaching and Education
Consolidation of Knowledge of the Subject “Calculation, Design and Testing Of Machines” Through Final Degree Projects
S. Íñiguez Macedo, R. Lostado Lorza, M. Corral Bobadilla, F. Somovilla Gómez
Today, mechanical engineers must know and apply the new tools of computer-aided mechanical calculation to the design and development of machines and new products. These calculation tools are fundamentally based on the Finite Element Method (FEM), and their teaching is given in the Mechanical Engineering undergraduate course “Computer-aided design”. Likewise, the subject “Calculation, Design and Testing of Machines” (CD&TM) aims to train the student on the most common elements of machines that as a future engineer can be found in his professional life. However, this subject presents a deficit in the practical application of computer-aided mechanical calculation tools, mainly due to the fact that the use of these tools is limited to only two laboratory practices, so the knowledge that students can acquire in FEM tools are reduced. Furthermore, the fact of imparting related teaching in the two aforementioned subjects, as well as in the subject “Advanced Design of Machines” can substantially affect the student’s consolidation of knowledge and specific competencies of this subject. This consolidation of knowledge can be carried out through the development by students of specific final degree projects. This work shows several of the final degree projects in mechanical engineering, in which students have consolidated and consolidated their knowledge acquired in the subjects of CD&TM. These projects are a tapered roller bearing, a welded joint, and a disc brake.
Keywords: Advanced Design of Machine Elements; Calculation, Design and Testing of Machines (CD&TM); Finite Element Method (FEM); Final Degree Projects.