Proceedings of The 3rd International Conference on New Trends in Social Sciences
Boko Haram and the Ideology of Qutbism: Understaning the Basis for Religious Terrorism and Islamic-Fascism
Emmanuel Ayobami Oluwabunmi
Terrorism has become endemic to humanity. The development of 9/11 in the year 2001 in the United States of America elevated terrorism to the level of global threat. Countries of the World across economic, religious and cultural divides have witness varying degrees and different manifestations of terrorism. In other words, there is no specific rationale in the status of a state in the contemporary time that makes it attractive or less attractive to terrorism or terrorist attack. Terrorism as a global trend attracts networking, alliance-building and coalition forming. As such, local or state based groups have connection with foreign terrorist groups or organization and they exchange information, intelligence and weaponry. Boko Haram is the name-tag for a terrorist group that has maintained a domineering posture in terrorist activities in the western Africa since late 1990s, with its operations notably felt in; Nigeria’s moth-eastern region, Chad republic, Niger republic and the Cameroon. The paper linked Boko Haram terrorism to ideology of Qutbism as an intellectual base which can only be defeated intellectually. The paper argues that the basic tenets of Islamic-Fascism are structured on a similar puritan beliefs, faith and orientations as Salafism, Wahabbism and Deobandi; and that while puritan Islamic orientation may have set the tone and foundation of the ideology of Qutbism, in reality, it was the Islamic theoreticians that provided the intellectual framework for it. The position of the paper is that terrorism is not Islamic but that the decline of the contemporary Muslim community as a result of practicing a corrupted form of Islam is the driver for religious terrorism. The paper conclude that the war against terrorism can only be fought at multiple levels and one of these levels is attacking the basis that provides justification for the activities of terrorism i.e. Qutbism. Relevant portions of the Hadith and Qur’an should be used to provide hujjat, that is, proof, to show that insurgents who kill non-combatants is guilty of baghy (armed aggression) which is a capital offence in Islamic law.
keywords: Qutbism, Boko Haram, Terrorism, Islamic Fascism, Violence, Sharia, Globalization.