Proceedings of The 3rd International Academic Conference on Research in Social Sciences
The Kosovo War and the End of the Yugoslav Tragedy
In the Balkans, the process of nation-state building took place mainly after the fall of the great empires and was accompanied by escalation of violence, genocide of one nation against another, armed conflict and war. In the course of the turbulent history of the Balkans, we can find many examples that coincide with the efforts to homogenize the population, the creation of nation-states, involving all the inhabitants of the same nation, and this has been accompanied by mass expulsions, unprecedented expressions genocide, as well as a lot of violence, expropriation, etc. In this aspect, the most dramatic example occurred in the last decade of the XX-th Century, when the Serbs forcibly expelled and exercised genocide on the Albanian population of Kosovo, with the sole purpose of their departure, the homogenization of its territory, in an attempt to realize the “Načertanije politics”. This and other facts will aim to analyze and describe this paper. In fact, the fall of Yugoslavia had begun as early as, in the 1980s, it took the form of a multidimensional and regressive collapse, rapidly due to the coming to power of the nationalist and speculative ruling classes in the republics of the former Yugoslavia, who found in nationalism a new mechanism for legitimizing arrogant and uncontrolled power. The Balkans has been, is and will be the object of study and research of various scholars in all fields. These and other aspects will be addressed in this paper.
Keywords: Balkans, former Yugoslavia, Kosovo, war, nationalism.