Proceedings of The 3rd International Academic Conference on Education, Teaching and Learning
Speaking Skills Development through Communicative Language Teaching Techniques
Juan Carlos Silva-Valencia, Wilma Villacís-Villacís and Cynthia Hidalgo-Camacho
This study is intended to analyze how communicative language teaching techniques influence the improvement of speaking skills in high school students. A survey entailing 10 questions was applied to 12 English teachers and 234 junior year high school students after it was validated by three experts. This survey permitted to have a close panorama of how these two variables are taken into consideration and applied in the English classrooms of Ambato High School. Once the results were cautiously analyzed and systematically tabulated, the established hypothesis was verified using the Student’s T-test. These results showed that communicative language teaching techniques do influence the improvement of speaking skills in high school students. Furthermore, the results obtained led to conclude that most students believe that they learn English best through interactive tasks because they provide students with opportunities to interact using the target language. Therefore, a handbook was devised. It includes 20 communicative language teaching techniques and aims to enhance several speaking subskills such as fluency, pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary and functions.
Keywords: CLT; EFL; ESL; oral production, secondary education.