Proceedings of The 3rd International Conference on Advanced Research in Education, Teaching and Learning
Teacher training systems in three countries (Finland, France and Quebec): Comparative study of professionalization models and their challenges
Moncef Barzane, Soukaina Essalih,Mustapha Ourahay,and Salaheddine Khzami
Teacher training is still a problematic subject in projects to reform education systems. Through the quest for quality education, it has experienced major changes in different contexts in connection with the process of “professionalization”. The different mechanisms of this training must allow teachers to acquire disciplinary knowledge and develop skills in order to be able to build quality teaching and learning. In addition, there seems to be a relationship between the effectiveness of the teacher and the level of quality of his training. Study results have revealed particularly poor performance levels among students whose teachers are characterized by “poor quality education and uncontrolled knowledge in the subjects they teach” (Bidjang, S. G. 2005). In other words: the effectiveness of teaching depends at least to a significant extent on what “the teachers bring”. Morocco in the last reform took up professionalization and universitarization as new approaches to teacher training. However, despite the progress recorded in terms of educational training provision, the reform has not been accompanied through strategic measures. Training in Morocco appears to suffer from a number of shortcomings. The objective of the study is to discover, thanks to the comparison of three training systems (Finland , France and Morocco) if there are characteristics which would allow us to understand the relative “advantages” of one system compared to another. The country in question are considered to have the best performing education systems globally. This involves carrying out a comparative documentary study, that is to say analysing existing documents on teacher training systems by comparing them in the mentioned context.
Keywords: Education, professionalization, knowledge and skills, approaches, effectiveness of teaching.