Proceedings of The 2nd International Conference on Research in Social Sciences and Humanities
Effect of Resource Transfer Programs When the Head of the Household Is Female In Mexico
Rubio-Sanchez, Yaura Yong, Rodríguez-Juárez, Eduardo , and Polo Jiménez, Sergio Demetrio
The objective of this article is to examine the impact of the OPORTUNIDADES-PROSPERA conditional cash transfer program on women heads of household. The database was analyzed consisted of 3,762 families that profited between 2004 and 2017 settled in the 32 states of the Mexican Republic. It is analyzed by Amartya Sen’s skills focus theory and by Martha Nussbaum’s later contribution to this theory, focused on the capacities necessary for women to achieve the desired well-being and overcome inherited poverty status. A methodology with a quantitative-descriptive approach is used through two comparisons. The first focus would be on the beneficiary households of the OPORTUNIDADES-PROSPERA program, and the second would be on the total income of the beneficiary families of the program. The conclusion reached when conducting this study is that most of the households studied that entered the program have changed the composition of the head of household because the access of these women to income transfer has provided some benefits in terms of empowerment. The results obtained show us that the conditional cash transfer programs in households headed by women are not in all cases enough to overcome initial poverty. Also, governments have not been able to combat poverty that affects households headed by women.
Keywords: Conditional cash transfer, gender, poverty, women head house-hold, Mexico.