Proceedings of The 2nd International Conference on Research in Humanities
The Role Of Society Power In Reducing Poverty
Hardius Usman, Neli Agustina and Novia Budi Parwanto
The purpose of this study is to analyze the role of the society in reducing poverty, especially from perspective social exclusion, diversity and social capital. This study uses data of 6,523 households from all regencies/cities in Bangka Belitung Islands province, Indonesia, which collected in February 2017. Then, binary logistic regression is used for hypothesis testing and data analysis.The result shows that diversity is a strength for Bangka Belitung community. There is no discrimination or social exclusion, even a high tolerance and cooperation created social inclusion. It means that, all groups of society have equal opportunity to contribute in development and take a benefit from the development itself, even when local development is not as their expectation. The poor has a greater chance to improve their life, so that poverty can be reduced.Sex of the head of the household is not related to poverty, but indirectly through mediation of tolerance and cooperation, in which the women’s ability in tolerating and cooperating is still lower. The study also revealed that young and single individuals have higher level of tolerance. This condition can be a positive signal, due to future generations are predicted to be more tolerant. Thus, this will be a great opportunity that can be utilized by the local government to plan development programs for poverty reduction in Bangka Belitung Islands Province.
Keywords: Poverty, Diversity, Social Exclusion, Social Inclusion, Tolerance.