Proceedings of The World Conference on Social Sciences
The Effect of Interpersonal Relationships on the employment of Developmental Disabilities: The Mediating Effect of Self-esteem
Hyein Kang, Jeongwon Song, and Miok Kim
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of interpersonal relationships on the employment of developmental disabilities by focusing on the mediating effect of self-esteem and to provide support for those with developmental disabilities in poor employment conditions. The subjects for analysis were 402 developmental disabilities aged 18 or older who responded to the third survey of the second wave of the Employment Panel for the Disabled at the Korea Employment Agency for Persons with Disabilities in 2018. For analysis, SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 22.0 were utilized according to the purpose of the study. Technical analysis of the major variables was conducted, and structural equations and bootstrap analysis were performed to examine whether self-esteem mediates the effects of interpersonal relationships on the employment of developmental disabilities. The main results of this study are as follows. First, the interpersonal relationships among developmental disabilities were found to have a positive (+) effect on employment. Second, such relationships were found to have a positive (+) effect on self-esteem. Third, self-esteem was found to have a partial mediating effect on the relationship between the interpersonal relationships among developmental disabilities and employment. The research findings suggested the necessity of establishing networks within local communities for developmental disabilities, the need to revitalize self-esteem improvement programs, and the implications for employing said adults. This study is meaningful in that it identified the employment-related factors of developmental disabilities through psychosocial variables and provided the necessary data.
Keywords: adult; disabled; employment of the disabled; influencing factors; structural equations.