Proceedings of The International Conference on Research in Teaching and Education
Luis Carlos Afonso Júnior and Nelson Rannieri Tirone
Evidence from the literature is clear regarding the health problems the world population face due to overweight and obesity. We firmly believe that prevention actions are the most effective and economically viable tools for solving health problems, and especially that such care should begin since early childhood, with the school as a key element in the construction of a prevention model. The objective of the study is to describe the production and development of a school health prevention program, applied in cycles that act in a systemic way, making it possible to act directly in the focus of the problem detected in overweight and obese students and family members. The program consists of regularly applying the three pillars of health: regular physical activity for students, considering their individual overall health condition; nutritional counseling for students and families; monitoring of indicators for early diagnosis. All methodology is designed to eliminate process inefficiencies so that the generated indicators enable managers to make strategic decisions with each new work cycle. We ran a pilot program at a school in the city of Uberaba, MG, Brazil. The results showed a reduction of body fat percentage in 100% of program participants. The average reduction was 4.23% of body fat within two and a half months of experience. Numerous other indicators have been measured and the results show clear evidence of how the program with high dissemination capacity presents itself as a promising tool for the promotion of health care.
Keywords: obesity, health promotion, exercise, physical education, primary prevention.