Proceedings of The International Conference on Research in Social Sciences
Romani people in Southern Italy. Integration, social problems, life conditions
This papers is focused on the actual life conditions of the Romani community living in Italy, with specific focus on the communities located in the Southern Italy region of Molise.Coming, in the origins, from the Balkans, they can be regarded as “authoctonous” Roma, as they got the Italian citizenships since several generations, after reaching Molise Region between the end of the 14th Century and the beginning of the 15th Century. They are, in fact, Italian citizens since many generations.They speak mainly the Italian language, together with theancient Romani language, with different dialectal variations. In this respect, it has to be stressed that the Italian law on linguistic minorities (Law 482/1999), in application of art. 3 and 6 of the Italian Constitution, does not include the Romani minority.Hence, they cannot be considered as a linguistic minority, and this represents a serious obstacle to their integration as regards a cultural dignity – and consequently, existential -, as well as a series of protective measures to favor their complete integration.Together with job exclusion, it represents today the most serious form of danger and social exclusion suffered by the Roma.
KeyWords: Romani Italian community, Roma people in Southern Italy, Roma people in Molise, Roma social problems.