Rise and Development of Sociology in India

Proceedings of The International Conference on Research in Social Sciences and Humanities

Year: 2019


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Rise and Development of Sociology in India

Jhaverbhai Patel and Subhashchandra Pandar




In India sociology and social anthropology can be traced to the days when the British officials realized its need for smooth administration. The aftermath of 1857 new science had to come to understand the roots of Indian society. It was with the rise of ethnography, anthropology, and sociology which began to provide empirical data of the colonial rule. According to the history Herbat Risely was the pioneer of ethnographic studies in India. By the second half of the 19th century, Indian sociologists have made a prominent contribution to the development of indigenous studies of Indian society. Certain trends of development of sociology may be identified in the pre independence period. But strong scientific empirical tradition had not emerged before independence. Sociology was considered a mixed bag without a proper identity of its own (Rao, 1982). Sociology established its identity as discipline by separating itself from psychology, anthropology and social philosophy in post independence period. Many scholars who richly contributed to the promotion of sociological studies and research in the country. G. S. Ghurye, N. A. Toothi, D. N.Majmudar, B. N. Seal, K. M. Kapadia, Iravati Karve, S. V. Karanadikar, M. N. Srinivas, A. R. Desai, I. P. Desai, M. S. Gore and Y. B. Damle are some of the outstanding scholars who shaped the destiny of the discipline. And helped in the establishment of the development of sociology in India.

Keywords: development ,Pre-Independence ,post-Independence.