Proceedings of The 8th International Conference on Business, Management and Economics
Potential Social Cultural Change of The Community to The Development of the State Capital City in Nusantara Republic of Indonesia
Prof. Dr. Esti Royani, Prof. Dr. Sri Widodo
Bappenas RI, such as the relocation of the Australian capital city to Canberra which did not have a significant regional development effect, as well as the relocation of the capital city of Malaysia to Putrajaya which was too close so that the positive impact of moving the capital city This is not significant for solving various problems from the previous capital city (Toun, 2018). Sonny Harry B Harmadi (2018/10/1-Tribunnews.com) stated that there are six conditions for consideration in determining the new capital city area. These conditions are: 1. The area has a good network and is connected to the center of political activity; 2. Low population density; 3. Low disaster risk; 4. Good environmental carrying capacity; 5. Safe in the perspective of national defense and resilience; 6. Has the potential to be developed as a new economic growth area. The Minister of National Development Planning or Head of Bappenas stated that the discourse of moving the state capital had been discussed with the President of the Republic of Indonesia Joko Widodo at the state palace. The research method used is qualitative descriptive.
Conclusion The results of a study related to the relocation of the capital city of Indonesia from Jakarta to East Kalimantan. In general, the local government and the people of East Kalimantan expressed their readiness and agreement regarding the discourse initiated by the central government. However, every agency interviewed such as the Paser Customary Institution (LAP), Mulawarman University Academics, Polda and Kesbangpol of East Kalimantan Province and the Samarinda City Education Office reminded that there are several things that need to be considered if the plan is to be realized.
Some notes given regarding socio-cultural matters are the need for local community involvement in development, protection of customary rights and lands, human resource readiness planning both in the field of education to meet available industries and preparation for change. In addition, empowerment activities are needed in the context of preserving indigenous culture and infrastructure development without damaging the environment. This study concludes that, although the local government of East Kalimantan has declared its readiness, there are many factors that need to be considered, especially the social, political and cultural aspects of the community that must be prepared so that they do not become problems in the future.
Suggestion 1. It is necessary to carry out an in-depth study related to the planning of the relocation of the State Capital not only through the local government but also an assessment of the community to determine the readiness of the grassroots. 2. Any existing needs must also be developed and facilitated prior to the relocation of the State Capital so that there are no conflicts or crises is in the future. 3. Various IKN projects must be able to provide opportunities for local residents to absorb labor. 4. Local residents, including the younger generation, must receive guidance both in terms of skills and education, so that they can compete and get the opportunity to absorb the growing job opportunities in the IKN area. 5. There is a balance between local and non-local workers, to fill various job opportunities in a number of IKN projects, so that there are no gaps in various fields. 6. The development of culture and customs of local residents must be a concern, as a regional characteristic and not crushed by the progress of the times. 7. This cultural development also aims to attract tourism in the IKN area that sells tourist objects owned by local residents, so that it has an impact on the economic growth of the community. 8. Development and everything that follows the nation’s capital must not lose the identity and culture of local residents.
Keywords: Development, Education, Social cultural