Proceedings of The 7th International Conference on Research in Social Sciences
Practices. Involvement And Roles of Women on Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (Drrm) in Iligan and Lanao De Norte, Philippines: Basis for Gender Mainstreaming Policy and Approach
Barquilla, M.B., Buan, A.T., Malicuban, E. and Silor, A. C.
Gender mainstreaming is a concept that most find easy to agree with, but fewer consistently do well. The same can be said of disaster risk reduction. When these two issues are brought together in efforts to mainstream gender into disaster risk reduction, governments and practitioners have found a gap in policy and practical guidance. They know why they should do it, but not always how. This is not because the task is inherently difficult; rather, there is not enough precedent guidance and practical understanding. This study aimed to investigate the issues of gender mainstreaming in disaster risk reduction. Specifically, this study sought to investigate the practice, involvement and roles of women in disaster management in areas ascertained. The study is qualitative in nature utilizing questionnaire, interviews and focus group discussion and document analysis.The study reveals that DRRM and CCA organizational structures, mandates, operation and implementation in Iligan City and Lanao del Norte are aligned with the national mandate, vision and mission. However, gender mainstreaming is likely favored towards males allowing 30 to 50% light activities given to females. This indicates a practice of gender stereotyping where females are considered weak and are given easy workload. Involvement of women are focused on education and information drive and post calamity activities. They played a role in information and education campaign; Assist in other agency associated with calamity relief; serves as Head in Calamity relief , assist in evacuation center, caring of evacuees, and other post calamity activities and sometimes no specific role played in the organization. Gender analysis in one of the activities in DRRM suggest that gender-bias exist. It is suggested that city/municipal ordinance be enacted on Gender Mainstreaming in all arms of Iligan city and Lanao del Norte LGU’s including ICDRRM/MDRRM and BDRMM to legally implement gender mainstreaming. Furthermore, LGUs may consider creating of GAD Focal Points System Assessment Team (GFPS) to properly in placing gender mainstreaming in DRRM and CCA.
keywords: Practice, Involvement, Roles, Women, DRRM, Mainstreaming