Psychological Resilience and Perceived Social Support among Women Exposed to Traumatic Events of Saptari District, (Kanchanrup Municipality)

Proceedings of ‏The 7th International Conference on Research in Behavioral and Social Sciences

Year: 2020


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Psychological Resilience and Perceived Social Support among Women Exposed to Traumatic Events of Saptari District, (Kanchanrup Municipality)

Rakshya Karki, Sharad Rayamajhi, Kabita Khati



Background: Saptari is the smallest district of country and lies in the eastern development region of Nepal. There were limited studies conducted about status of maithali women and about domestic violence they were facing but there were no studies conducted about their psychological resilience and social support they gain to overcome those adversities in the Saptari district. The position of madhesi women is worse because of an analphabetism, political, religious and superstitious belief. The main objective of the study focuses on the relationship between the resilience and social support that helps to understand resilience on women who are socially backward and facing traumatic events in life.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study included 200 respondents from paralegal committee and community of Kanchanrup municipality, Saptari district. Quantitative data were collected for this research. The Connor- Davidson Resilience scale (CD-RISC), and multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS) were used to measure the resilience and social support.  Pearson’s correlation and t-test analyses were performed to examine associations between resilience and independent variables. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 16.

Results: The study findings indicated significant associations between resilience and social support (r==.853, p<0.01), and demographic variables which included employment, education and resilience (r=0.173, p<0.01) (r=.264, p<0.05). There was a non-significant association between resilience and age, marital status, religion. A study showed a significant negative correlation between resilience and ethnicity which indicates that the participants belonging to untouchability groups had lower resilience (r=−0.410, p<0.01). In the simple linear regression analysis, social support was able to explain 72% of the variance in resilience (R2 =0.72, F (6, 75) =12.53, p<0.001). The Cronbach’s alpha for the CD-RISC and MSPSS were .91 and .80 respectively.

Conclusions: From this study it can be concluded that there is a significant difference on the scores the measurers of resilience and perceived social support among the women. Psychological resilience, perceived social support and demographic factors were associated with resilience in women who sustained a traumatic life events.

This present research will be helpful for planners, decision-makers and responsible government in micros level development planners to uplift the status of women and to improve the mental health status of women especially of backward groups.

Keywords: Resilience, Social support, stressful life events, Women, Nepal.