Proceedings of The 7th International Conference on New Findings in Humanities and Social Sciences
Ecotourism For Conservation? A South African Perspective
Kwabena Gyan Abban,Akowuah Adu
Environmental tourism began in the 1980s, at the beginning of sustainable development, as a way to fund tourism in the region and development. Despite the concept of “win-win”, academics and negotiators argue the meaning and appropriateness of nature tourism. We have reviewed 30 years of tourism research, looking for strong evidence of success and failure. We have found the following styles: Ecotourism is often combined with outdoor recreation and other common forms of tourism; Impact studies tend to focus on the environmental or social impact, but rarely both; and research often lacks timeline information, preventing authors from understanding comprehensive results over time, be it conservation, biodiversity levels, environmental integrity, local governance, or other indicators. Given the growing pressure on wildlife and wildlife, we see the need to add resilience to environmental analysis. We offer suggestions for future research and provide a framework for study design and measurement problems.
keywords: biodiversity, economic and sustainable development, livelihoods, parks, protected areas.