Proceedings of The 6th World Conference on Research in Teaching and Education
Factors Affecting Thai Students’ Preferred Format of Learning: Onsite, Online, or Hybrid
Pimmanee Rattanawicha, Sawitree Boonpatcharanon, Janjao Mongkolnavin, and Chaiyasut Jongtavornvitaya
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, Thai students now have experiences with all three formats of learning: onsite, online, and hybrid. Although it was forced by the situation in the first place, many students are now used to online learning and even enjoy it after all. Some of them like having the choice of both onsite and online, or so-called hybrid learning, while many students prefer traditional onsite face-to-face learning. This study examines factors affecting students’ preference toward these three learning formats: onsite, online, and hybrid. Five factors focused in the study include: 1) Personal Factor, 2) Online Learning Factor, 3) Instructor Factor, 4) Course Factor, and 5) Facility Readiness Factor. Regression analyses of the data collected from 158 undergraduate students in a university in Thailand indicate that Personal Factor, Instructor Factor, Course Factor, and Facility Readiness Factor significantly affect students’ preferred format of learning. It is also found from further regression analyses that face-to-face interactions with friends, traveling expenses, online evaluation systems, class recording videos, course type, instructors’ capability to teach online, and the faculty and university readiness in terms of equipment and tools all have a significant impact on students’ preferred learning format.
keywords: onsite learning, online learning, hybrid learning