Proceedings of The 6th World Conference on Research in Education
The impact of shadow education in Hong Kong: perspectives from Hong Kong secondary school students, parents and private tutoring teachers
Cheng Ching Ho, Richard
Shadow education has become a widely discussed topic around the world. In Asian societies, the demand of shadow education has been increasing, since exams and tests have become very important in these societies, especially in Hong Kong. In Hong Kong, receiving good grades and able to go to universities after public exam are recognized as “winners”, as for those who failed, they would be labeled as “losers”. “Winner” and “Loser” concept has been implemented among Hong Kong people for a long time, and as a result, parents and students rely heavily on extra classes after school. They think this is a way to help them to become “winners” in Hong Kong. In this study, Hong Kong secondary school students, parents and private tutors expressed their thoughts on the effect of shadow education. 6 interviews were conducted and participants expressed their opinions on shadow education. The results in this research hope to contribute in the field of shadow education in Hong Kong, since this research able to cover ideas from different stakeholders in Hong Kong. The results can also present a more comprehensive picture of shadow education in Hong Kong.
keywords: curriculum and instruction, education system, qualitative research, shadow education, teaching and learning