Proceedings of The 6th World Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities
School Bullying and its influence on Psychosomatic Symptoms and Health
Prof.As.Dr.Lindita Durmishi, Dr. Silva Ibrahimi PhD, Dott.Ervin Ibrahimi, Giorgia Mazzarini MD
The aim of the present work is to analyze the phenomenon of bullying in some high schools in the city of Albania. Based on the data collected through a questionnaire on bullying, we wanted to evaluate the relationship between some variables related to the incidence of the phenomenon and the psychosomatic health issues of the victims. Attention is paid to the analysis of any correlations between variables relating to the psychosomatic and emotional fields of bullying and alexithymia. The selected sample consists of 200 students—100 males and 100 females—enrolled in the cities of Elbasan and Tirana’s first and second classes of secondary schools. The level of significance chosen for the inter-score questionnaire is p = 0.05. Results showed that gender significantly influenced whether bullying is suffered (56%) or committed to others (44%). For females, there is a greater propensity for acts of bullying of a psychological type (F =2; SM =.786; df = 4.5) (such as backbiting or exclusion from friendship), while for males, forms of direct physical bullying (F =2; SM =.723; df = 4.5) (such as physical aggression or threats) prevail. Bully victims have a higher rate of being irritated and aggressive (OR = 2.45), feeling abdominal pain (OR = 2.37), and experiencing headaches (OR = 2.06).
In conclusion, the authors recommend drawing attention to conducting psychoeducational training on resources of social support and positive sources of resilience that can be used effectively in the management of school bullying and prevention activities.
keywords: bullying, psychosomatic symptoms, adolescents, school, health