Proceedings of The 6th International Conference on Innovation in Science and Technology
A study on AIDS pandemic modes of transmission and prevention
As it is well known, the light interaction with a perturbed medium by a mechanical wave provokes the diffraction phenomenon. This diffraction has been explained by Raman-Nath’s theory for sinusoidal ultrasonic wave and Mertens-Herman’s theory for amplitude modulated (AM) ultrasonic wave. In this paper, theoretical development has been performed of the diffraction phenomenon of a laser beam by a frequency modulated (FM) ultrasonic wave. The obtained results show that each diffracted order position oscillates periodically around a central position, in the rhythm of the modulating wave signal. Moreover, the scanning frequency of the diffraction order increases linearly according to the frequency of the modulating signal, in addition, the increase in the frequency excursion leads to the increase of the angular excursion. All the theoretical results are experimentally confirmed. Furthermore, the frequency modulation index has been easily obtained with good precision using experimental measurements of a diffracted order angular excursion.
Keywords: acousto-optic Interaction, optical scanner, angular excursion, scanning frequency.