Education under Attack? The Impact of a Localized War on Schooling Achievements

Proceedings of The 6th International Conference on Research in Business, Management and Economics

Year: 2022

DOI:

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Education under Attack? The Impact of a Localized War on Schooling Achievements

Lusine Ivanov-Davtyan

 

ABSTRACT: 

How is pupils’ educational performance affected by indirect exposure to a war outside the conflict area; and does collective affectedness differ from direct family affectedness? To answer these questions, I link individual school records from periods before and after the war to victim data of the Armenian-Azerbaijani war of 2020. I find that the exposure to war-related casualties at school-level (collective affectedness) leads to an increased performance in the language of the most popular direction for migration, while decreased in Armenian studies. In contrast, exposure at family-level leads to an increased performance in Armenia-related subjects signaling to a higher connection to the motherland and a higher sense of national identity. Further quntile analyses suggest that the spillover impact is significant only for the pupils in the lower tail of grade dis- tribution. This study potentially contributes to the literature (1) by delivering new insights into the spillover impact of a war outside the direct conflict area, and (2) by revealing the differences of the impact at society versus personal level using unique individual-level datasets.

keywords: Localized War, Education, Violent Conflict, Schooling Performance .