Parenting Styles and Children’s Psychosocial Well-Being During the Early Childhood Years

Proceedings of The 6th International Conference on New Approaches in Education

Year: 2023



Parenting Styles and Children’s Psychosocial Well-Being During the Early Childhood Years

Nonzukiso Tyilo




This paper examines the role of parenting styles in children’s psychosocial well-being during the early childhood years. Children’s psychosocial well-being is imperative for any developing child because it allows children to connect with their psychological and social well-being as they develop to become adults. The environment where the child is reared matters the most during the early years because it shapes the child and becomes an enabler for adult behavior. During the early childhood years, the role played by parents becomes significant because it enhances the children’s psychosocial well-being which is perceived to be important for every child’s mental health. When children’s psychosocial well-being is prioritized, they become happy children with strong self-esteem who socialize well with other children in the early childhood centres, however, when children have poor psychosocial well-being the interaction with other children becomes problematic and this affects them negatively even beyond their childhood years. Hence, during the early years parents and caregivers need to understand the parenting styles to be employed when raising their children and the impact of those parenting styles on the developing child. The paper will adopt Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory as it focuses on the quality and context of the child’s environment. The interpretive paradigm and qualitative research methods will be chosen for this paper. For this paper, convenient sampling will be used to select 5 parents and 5 Early Childhood Development educators from the Amathole District Municipality. Data will be collected through semi-structured interviews and document analysis. The themes that emerge from the data will be analyzed and recommendations will be made based on the research findings.

keywords: mental health, motivation, psychological well-being, self-esteem, social well-being