Proceedings of The 6th International Conference on Future of Social Sciences
The Importance and Use of Percussion Instruments in Turkish Music
Asst. Prof. Ayşe Emsal Aksın Çevik
Percussion instruments have been used in the performance of traditional and religious rituals in the earliest periods of Turkish music. Initially, these instruments accompanied human voices in forms such as speech, shouting, pleading, and crying, emphasizing the intended emotions. Later on, with the influence of intercultural interaction, it became known that percussion instruments were used together with various other instruments. Throughout the historical process in Turkish music, percussion instruments used as rhythmic instruments, although they may appear to be used for maintaining and sustaining the tempo, actually had different missions for each instrument. In this sense, not every percussion instrument has been used in all forms of Turkish music. These instruments have been considered as one of the most important instruments in Turkish music, both throughout history and in contemporary times, depending on the functioning of the music genre. Particularly, the kudüm instrument, which has been highly influential in the formation of Turkish music modes, has even taken on the role of a choir conductor in some musical ensembles. Therefore, this study demonstrates that the functionality of percussion instruments, known as rhythmic instruments, in Turkish music is of much greater significance.
Keywords: Percussions in Turkish music, Classical Turkish Music, Rhythmic instruments, Kudüm instrument, traditional Turkish music