Proceedings of The 5th World Conference on Teaching and Education
A Model for the Protection of Cybersecurity Threats in Organizations
Olusegun Ademolu Ajigini
There is growing focus on the importance of cybersecurity protecting against threats in organizations due to the exponential growth of the Internet in our society due to the tremendous growth of cyber-attacks in organizations. Cyber threats encompass any socially detrimental activity, and include online crimes and terrorism. In this paper, a model for the protection against cybersecurity threats in organizations was developed. Four factors namely technological, organizational, human and environmental factors were found to have positive influence on cybersecurity threat mitigation in organizations. All the variables in this study were found to be reliable since their Cronbach alpha ranged from 0.778 to 0.832. The sample size was 300 respondents. A random sampling design was used to carry out the research. The statistical tool used was SPSS v25. The average variance extracted (AVE) were all above 0.5. Also, the composite reliability of the constructs was all over 0.7. Consequently, convergent validity of the constructs was satisfied. Correlation coefficient between two determinants was less than 1. Additionally, the correlation coefficient of the two determinants was less than the individual Cronbach Alpha value (σ) and also the correlation coefficient of the two determinants was less than the average variance (AVE). Consequently, the discriminant validity was said to be satisfied for all the determinants. All the four hypotheses were supported since their P-values were less than 0.000 (P-value<0.000). The study provided the basis for security professionals, security managers and academics to enhance the protection against cybersecurity threats in their organizations. This might ensure the protection of their organizational valuable assets and sensitive information from cyber-attacks.
keywords: Cybersecurity, cyber-attacks, human factor, organizational factor, technological factor, environmental factor