Proceedings of The 5th International Conference on Research in Social Sciences
The Right to Life, as One of the Fundamental Human Rights
Dr. Stela Mecaj
The right to life is the basis of all fundamental human rights and freedoms as all other rights derive from it. The right to life will be protected at all costs as life is the most valuable thing any of us has. Article 21 of the Constitution of Albania states that the right to life is protected by law and no one can violate it. One of the problems that society has encountered in terms of guaranteeing the right to life is the application of the death penalty. There are still many countries in the world who still apply this macabre and outdated sentence. Albania together with EU countries has given up the application of the death penalty and now applies only the sentence of life imprisonment. Countries like Japan, USA, Saudi Arabia, North Korea as well as many other developed or non-developed countries still apply this punishment. In some US states this sentence has been abolished, but the US still has a long way to go for a future without the death penalty. The death penalty is nothing but a relic of the past of which humanity is not proud. We can not change the past, but we can act in the present for a better future where the right to life is not violated by anyone even by the state itself. Life is precious and should not be violated by anyone as the violation of this right violates every right that arises from it.
keywords: the right to life, the death penalty, the European Convention on Human Rights etc .