Proceedings of The 5th International Conference on New Trends in Social Sciences
Modern Institute of Parliamentary Control of Georgia in the Public Administration System
Genadi Iashvili,Fati Khalvashi
The political and legal significance of parliamentary control is defined in the public administration system, which ensures consistent execution of laws, protection of human and citizen rights and freedoms, strengthening of the law, order in public spheres and efficiency of public administration.
At the modern stage of Georgia’s development, for the formation of a democratic legal state, the solution to the problem of strengthening and improving the system of control and balance between the bodies of various branches of the state government is becoming more and more important.
The constitutional reform, which was implemented in Georgia in 2017-2018, also covered the mechanisms of parliamentary control. Accordingly, the Parliament adopted new functions, which additionally defined new levers in the direction of executive power control.
Parliamentary control mechanisms have existed at the legislative level in Georgia since the 1990s. However, their implementation practices were very sparse and often inconsistent.
The empirical basis of the presented research is the practice of parliamentary control and acts replacing parliamentary control. The normative base for the implementation of the research is created by the valid laws and legal acts that regulate the issues of parliamentary control in Georgia.
The degree of implementation of parliamentary control depends on the form of government in the state; Parliamentary control can exist only in democratic states and there is a connection between the degree of democracy of the political regime in the state and the degree of development of parliamentary control in it. However, all this makes sense only under one condition, if the following things are fulfilled: parliamentary control itself must be democratic, that is, it must be carried out in accordance with certain principles: objectivity, independence, comprehensiveness and completeness, competence, cooperation, publicity.
The legislative body of Georgia has rich experience in controlling the executive power. However, practical, effective examples of control mechanisms are so rare that it is necessary to strengthen the control functionality.
In order to strengthen the control functions of the Parliament, it is necessary to adopt the appropriate law “On Parliamentary Control” or on State Control, which will define the subject and boundaries, goals and objectives of parliamentary control, the main forms and methods of its implementation, rights and obligations, guarantees of the subjects of parliamentary control, as well as those persons The circle with respect to which parliamentary control will be provided.
Therefore, it is advisable to standardize control tools into a single document, which can be a law on control. The regulation is a detailed statement of more general provisions, where it defines weak legal and political levers in case of not properly implementing parliamentary control. It only describes the functions of the parliament in the given field and the procedures implemented by it.
keywords: executive power, parliamentary power, public administration, system