Proceedings of The 3rd World Conference on Research in Social Sciences
Globalization and study of social development trends according to the functionalist approach; A comparative study of Swedish and Iranian societies
Globalization is a complex and multidimensional phenomenon whose effects can be seen in economic, social, political, legal, cultural, military and technological activities. The process of globalization in any society is influenced by the culture, lifestyle, politics, economy, etc. of that society. For this reason, the term “globalization” has taken on different meanings. Scholars consider globalization to be an irresistible and harmless force for the economic and social well-being of people around the world, and on the other hand, they see it as the cause of problems and issues for contemporary people and criticize it. In this article, with a functionalist approach, we examine the effect of globalization from Wallerstein’s perspective on social development in the two societies of Sweden and Iran as two developed and underdeveloped countries, relying on statistics and indicators in several specific areas. Studies have shown that the factors under study in the functionalist approach are related to each other and also influence each other. The most important factor is the political factor that affects and shapes the economic, cultural and social structures of any society.
keywords: Developed Society; Functionalist Approach; Iran; Politics; Underdeveloped Society.