Proceedings of The 2nd International Academic Conference on Education, Teaching and Learning
Digital Citizenship in Croatia: Analysis of Strategic Documents of the National Education Policy and the Citizenship Education Curricula
Citizenship education, in Croatian primary and secondary schools realized within the cross-curricular topic, strives to develop students’ knowledge and skills, and to encourage the values necessary for taking up the role of an active citizen. In order for citizens to be able to respond to the challenges of modern society, it is necessary to prepare students for the role of digital citizens. Digital citizens understand the importance of technology and its competent usage on impact for everyday life and have the ability to utilize digital technology in a critical and competent manner. Since the aim of education is to prepare students for the challenges of the world, preparing them to be digital citizens should represent one of the pillars of national education policy. The aim of the research presented in this paper was to determine in which sociological context and in what way digital citizenship and digital divide are presented and defined in the curricula of Citizenship Education and strategic documents of the national education policy. Two curricula of Citizenship Education and three strategic documents of the national education policy were analysed by a comparative method and qualitative content analysis. In the analysed documents and curricula, digital citizenship is not mentioned or defined on the conceptual level and on the contextual level it is placed in various sociological frameworks. Analysed documents occasionally point to the strategic importance of Internet access for educational process.
Keywords: aims of education; digital democracy; digital citizen; digital divide; policy analysis.