Study of Indonesia Exports with The Gravity Model Approach, 2001-2018

Proceedings of ‏The 11th International Conference on Modern Research in Management, Economics and Accounting

Year: 2020


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Study of Indonesia Exports with The Gravity Model Approach, 2001-2018

Dionisius Anindito Leksono, Rogatianus Maryatmo



This study aims to examine the effect of GDP per capita, population, geographical distance, to Indonesia’s exports. The data used in this study are annual data with a period of observation from 2001 to 2018. The data are secondary data which are downloaded from The study was conducted on 20 trading partner countries of Indonesia. The trading partners studied sequentially are Australia, Bangladesh, China, Spain, Germany, Hongkong, India, Italia, Japan, South Korea Republic, Malaysia, Netherland, Pakistan, Philippine, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States Of America, Vietnam. The analytical tool used is panel data regression which is processed using the EViews 10 software. The results show that GDP per capita and population have a significant positive effect on Indonesia’s exports. The geographical distance between trading partners and Indonesia has a significant negative effect on Indonesian exports. Indonesia export is elastic to the economic growth distances, but not to the population of trading partners.

Keywords: gravity model, export, panel data.