Proceedings of The 10th International Conference on Research in Engineering, Science and Technology
Calculate the Optimum Threshold for Double Energy Detection Technique in Cognitive Radio Networks (CRNs)
Morteza Alijani and Anas Osman
One of the most important technical challenges when designing a Cognitive Radio Networks (CRNs) is spectrum sensing, which has responsibility for recognizing the presence or absence of the primary users in the frequency bands. A common technique used for spectrum sensing is double energy detection since it can operate without any prior information regarding the characteristics of the primary user signals. A double threshold energy detection algorithm is based on the use of two thresholds, to check the energy of the received signals and decided whether the spectrum is occupied or not. Furthermore, thresholds play a key role in the energy detection algorithm, by considering the stochastic features of noise in this model, as a result calculating the optimal threshold is a crucial task. In this paper, the Bi-Section algorithm was used to detect the optimum energy level in the fuzzy region which is an area between the low and high energy threshold. For this purpose, the decision threshold was determined by the use of the Bisection function for cognitive users. Numerical simulations show that the proposed method achieves better detection performance than the conventional double-threshold energysensing schemes. Moreover, the presented technique has advantages such as increasing the probability of detection (𝑝#) of primary users and decreasing the probability of Collison (𝑝%) between primary and secondary users.
Keywords: Cognitive radio networks (CRNs), double threshold energy detection, optimum threshold, Bi-Section algorithm, primary user.