European Journal of Behavioral Sciences
Year: 2018 | Volume: 1 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 5-18
The Effectiveness of Teaching Techniques to Improve the Classroom Management Based on Adler-Dreikurs Approach on the Degree of the Self-efficacy and Psychological Well-being of Teachers
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of training on improving the classroom management techniques based on the Adler-Dreikurs approach to self-efficacy and psychological well-being of teachers. This study is a semi-experimental plan with pretest and posttest with the control group. The statistical population of this study is all primary-school teachers in Mazandaran Province in which teach in classrooms. The pretests were done by random clustering method in three primary schools, and then twenty of them were randomly selected and chosen , and they were randomly assigned into two groups of ten (control and experimental). The number of sessions was ten-training ones about 90 minutes. They were organized according to a six-step structure. These meetings are in line with the psychological approach to improve education and school communication based on the views of Rudolf, Adler and Dreikurs. Moreover, assignments were given to the experimental group. In this study, two questionnaires, which include general Sherr’s self-efficacy scale and Ryff’s psychological well-being scale were filled out respectively for both groups, that is, the control group and the experimental group. Levine and covariance-analysis tests were used to analyze the data from averages, means, variances, standard deviations and standard deviation errors. Research findings indicate that the teachers of the control and experimental groups have no significant differences in the level of descriptive characteristics of self-efficacy and psychological well-being in the pretest. Nevertheless, the level of these features in the experimental group was significantly higher than the control group in the posttest. However, these changes were not seen in the control group. As the philosophy behind the Adler and Dreikurs concept of education is democratic and mutual respect; and the application of its principles and ideas in education, the workplace, or wherever people interact with each other, they can lead to positive participation and public health. The results of this research provide a good insight into social and educational policy and plans, and they help teachers to achieve the goals of education, skills and understanding in order to meet the challenges. Thus, they provide the development of the mission of the educational system and society.
Keywords:Improving class management, Adler and Dreikurs, Self-efficacy, Psychological well-being, Teacher.