Proceedings of The World Conference on Teaching and Education
How the Coach-Created Empowering and Disempowering Motivational Climate Predict Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior of the Athlete?
Some researchers note that some athletes exhibit respectable, moral behavior such as fair play, compliance with rules, respect for the opponent and teammate (Siedentop, Hastie & van der Mars, 2004), while others (Lee, Whitehead, Ntoumanis & Hatzigeorgiadis, 2008) reveals ethically unacceptable behavior by athletes: violence, impersonation, and other acts that physically or psychologically harm competitors. Such duality can be explained by the influence of the sports environment. The sports environment offers many opportunities for young athletes to develop life skills (time management, problem-solving) and to develop ethical values – perseverance and integrity (Camiré & Trudel, 2010). However, it is believed that competition-oriented sporting activities can also promote antisocial behavior because sport is based on competition, relatively moral judgment, influenced by formal or informal rules (Stephens & Bredemeier, 1996; Shields & Bredemeier, 1995). It is believed that the motivational climate created by the coach, as the key person, affects athletes not only on the field but also in other areas of life. Although the direct influence of a coach on athletes is usually limited, they spend a great deal of time with youth in an sport environment, creating an atmosphere that studies have shown to influence athletes‚ beliefs, feeling and prosocial behavior (Duda, 2013; Gano-Overway, 2013; Rutten et al., 2011). The main purpose of this study was to investigate how does the empowering and disempowering climate of a coach influence athletes’ behavior? It was hypothesized that coach created empowering motivational climate would be positively predicted prosocial behavior of the athlete while disempowering climate positively predict antisocial behavior.
Keywords: empowering, motivational climate, sport, prosocial behavior, coach.