Proceedings of The International Conference on New Trends in Social Sciences
Past and Modernity of Georgian Ports
Naira Tabidze and Nino Beridze
The purpose of this paper is to present the past and modernity of the most important seaports of Georgia – Batumi, and Poti – and determine their role and place in the economy of the country and in the unified transport system. As the development of Georgia’s port potential is closely linked to the country’s socio-economic development, its efficient use of geographical location, and the successful functioning of the Eurasian Transport Corridor in general. The history of the creation of Georgia’s seaports is practically the history of the formation of the Caucasus Logistics Center, which defined Georgia’s role as a transit country. Georgia is an important link of the Europe-Caucasus-Asia Corridor, it is the Transcaucasian maritime gateway. The ports of Batumi, Poti, Kulevi, Supsa and under construction seaport Anaklia are vital strategic facilities that will ensure the country’s economic progress. Among its past and contemporaries, the ports of Batumi and Poti are important, as they are distinguished by a number of advantages from the Black Sea ports (water depth, less danger of storms and heat, etc.). In the recent past, they have played an active role not only in the maritime shipping of Georgia and the former Soviet Union, but also in the development of maritime trade and economic ties worldwide. The western part of Georgia has historically been associated with the sea and sea navigation, the myth of the Argonauts, the existence of Greek newborns indicates that maritime navigation in ancient Colchis was one of the major means of leaving the world. Georgia, as a maritime country, was and is a country of great economic potential, to prove this; we will bring some details from its history.
Keywords: Georgian Ports, Poti Seaport, Batumi Seaport, History, Development, Prospects.