Proceedings of The International Conference on Research in Science, Engineering and Technology
Complex and Thermodynamic Properties of Polar Liquids Using Time Domain Reflectometry in Microwave Frequency
Shagufta Tabassum and V. P. Pawar
The complex permittivity spectra and thermodynamic properties of 1,2-dichloroethane (DE) and n,n-dimethylformamide (DMF) polar liquids has been obtained at 15°C temperature in the frequency range of 10 MHz to 30 GHz by using time domain reflectometry technique for 11 different concentrations of the system. Time dependent data is processed to obtained complex reflection coefficient spectra *(ω). Complex permittivity spectra is obtained from bilinear callibration method and this spectra gives information regarding dielectric dispersion (ɛʹ) and dielectric absorption (ɛʺ), which indicates the purity of the liquid mixture. The modified Bruggeman model is also a parameter which may be used an indicator of liquid 1 and 2 interactions. In binary mixture of polar liquids, there is a change in the energy of the system. This change in energy can be interpreted with thermodynamic parameters such as free energy of activation (G), molar enthalpy of activation (H) and molar entropy of activation (S).
Keywords: Bruggeman parameters; dielectric loss; dielectric permittivity; free energy of activation(G); molar enthalpy of activation (H); molar entropy of activation (S).