Proceedings of The International Conference on Modern Research in Education, Teaching and Learning
Basic Education Teachers’ Extrinsic Motivation in Kaltungo Local Government – Nigeria: Policy Provision versus Reality
Salisu Ali Rakum and Samuel Alfayo Boh
Teachers are the most important variable in determining the quality of education learners receive; society bears the responsibility to ensure teachers effectiveness, by paying attention to the factors that can improve teachers output, major among which is motivation. In recognition of this, the Nigerian National Teacher Education Policy, articulated extrinsic motivation for teachers that include promotion, salaries, leave-allowance and loans. It is, worrisome where policy provisions on extrinsic motivation remains speculative. Absence of teacher motivation may result in un-achieved educational goals with concomitant effects on national development. This study investigated the level of teachers’ motivation in Kaltungo Local Government Area. All the 1,028 Basic Education teachers in Kaltungo Local Government Area were studied, making the study a census. Data was generated using a nine item questionnaire titled “Teachers’ Level of Motivation Questionnaire”, validated by three experts, in Educational Management, Test and Measurement; and Curriculum Studies, respectively. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was +0.84, using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. Four research questions were answered. Frequencies and percentages were used to analyze data. Result shows that 707 (68.77%) teachers, opined that their promotion was not regular; 562 (54.67%) agree that salary payment was consistent; 688 (66.95%) agree that leave allowances were paid regularly; and 614 (59.93%) teacher collected loans. The study recommended that more attention should be given to teacher motivation, by transferring full responsibilities of Basic Education to the Federal Government under Universal Basic Education Commission (UBEC).
Keywords: development; leave-allowance; loans; promotion; salaries.