Proceedings of the 8th International Conference On Humanities, Psychology and Social Science
IMPROVING SOCIETY EMPOWERMENT OF TRADITIONAL OIL MINERS OF OLD WELLS IN WONOCOLO
Ani Siti Hartati,Sri Kussujaniatun and Marita
The issue of this research is related to the variables which are affecting the empowerment of the traditional oil miners of old wells in Wonocolo, Bojonegoro, East Java, Indonesia. The aim of this research is to analyze the influence of the variables of physical, human and social capital also the ability of empowerment actors towards the variable of society empowerment. Research design of this study is descriptive analytic which is expected to provide an explanation of the phenomenon of community empowerment process and to direct various government policies related to behavioral aspects of empowerment actors. The data used are primary data, collected using survey method through questionnaire. Regression analysis technique is used to analyze the data. Research findings show that there are significant influences of the four variables towards society empowerment. The most dominating variable towards society empowerment is the social capital variable, while the ability of empowerment actors has the lowest influence towards society empowerment. The implementation of the results is that empowerment needs the development of human, social, and physical capital and it will be better if the empowerment is supported by the development of empowerment actors’ ability. It is expected that the government of Bojonegoro can support the implementation of society empowerment. Thus, it can increase the society income especially for the traditional oil miners of old wells.
Key Words: community empowerment, physical capital, human capital, social capital, ability of empowerment.