Proceedings of the 8th International Conference On Humanities, Psychology and Social Science
Migration exchanges of Russian regions with the CIS-countries and potential of transit movements
Svetlana Maximova , Oksana Noyanzina, Daria Omelchenko and Maxim Maximov
Article presents results of statistical analysis about indexes of migration growth in a result of migration exchange of Russian regions with the CIS countries. Subjects of the Russian Federation were considered from the point of view of attractiveness to migrants, bases for analysis are open data of statistical bulletins by the Rosstat. A special attention is paid to the distribution of the most popular migration roots form the CIS countries in the Russian Federation; possible transit regions were specified. Paper specifies groups of subjects, having different attractiveness for migrants. Authors conclude about poor ability of Russian migration statistics to reflect real migration movements of migrants, because a part of migrants hide real purposes of their visit and wish to make easier the stay in the Russian Federation or sometimes plan to use illegal roots and resources of migration to the Western (or other) countries because the absence of opportunity of legal crossing through strictly protected or nontransparent borders. Statistics of the transit covers only those migrants, who are sure in the final point of movement and legally move through the transit stages, or those, who are in temporary migration (tourism, education, work of private visits) and move in transit in the Russian Federation. There is a tendency of meagre flows of migrants from the CIS countries to ethnic republics of Russia. The criteria of regional differences “Russian core – Ethnic regions” determines peculiarities of migration processes. The popular roots of migrants across the Russia testify about ethnic character of migration of citizens from the CIS countries: stable and considerable in numbers from certain country to certain regions, and presence of agency networks on promotion of transit migration movements basing on diaspora networks in country of temporary residence, including criminal.
Key Words: migration, transit migrants, movement, migration exchange, Russian regions, the CIS-countries, potential of transit.