Proceedings of The 7th International Conference on Innovation in Science and Technology
Prioritizing Public Transportation Systems in terms of Sustainable Urban Development
Hamid Shirmohammadi, Sonia Moshfeghi
One of the important ways to solve the traffic problems is to reduce the use of personal vehicles and increase the presence and utility of public transportation in the travel of passengers in the country. Therefore, planning for choice system, development of facilities and better utilization of public transportation facilities can play a very important role in solving traffic problems in urban travel and the limitation of resources. The aim of this study is to prioritize public transportation systems in city of Tehran in terms of sustainable urban development by analytic hierarchy process method (AHP). The AHP is a method that prioritizes the options based on the basic criteria by using the questionnaire and the opinions of the experts in the area studied and by separating the problem into a hierarchical process and a component analysis of the problem. The types of public transportation systems used in this study are BRT, tramway, monorail and metro. For optimal management and reduction of traffic problems in metropolitan areas, it is necessary to compare and evaluate different public transportation systems and prioritize the most appropriate system for the densely populated cities based on these assessments. The results of this study reveal the metro as a best public transportation system.
Keywords: Public transportation systems, Sustainable urban development, AHP method, prioritizing.