Proceedings of The 7th International Conference on Innovation in Science and Technology
Designing Adaptive Shells with the Approach of Geometrical Patterns in Nature
Molouk Sadat Mirkazemi, Seyed Yaser Mousavi
Building shells are in the interaction with the external environment and the internal built spaces that we often consider them as an obstacle or shield, and have taken into consideration the limited solutions in adaptation to the environmental changes in the buildings. A building’s façade is responsible for the environmental function of the building and its aesthetics qualities to some extent, and plays a significant role in the function, beauty, and identity, etc. the nature has many solutions in terms of adaptability which is applicable in designing the building responsive multifunctional shells. Environmental adaptations are complicated solutions, therefore, the geometrical structure of adaptive shell and modern materials seek for solutions to economic, biological, and social sustainability. The main question of the current research is that based on which pattern the adaptive shells can be designed to supply the architectural and biological needs of humans? The research method is descriptive-analytical, and information collection has been conducted using document review and library method. Also, research results have been extracted based on the analysis and comparison of the case study. Finally, a method has been proposed for the formation of the shells that while applying the modern construction technologies, follows the biological patterns, and provides the preparations of sustainability in the economic, social, and biological areas.
Keywords: adaptive shells, biomimetic architecture, biomimetic patterns.